More and more American voices came out against the war. I believe in welfare—a welfare work program. is broad enough to encompass a woman’s decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy.”44 The Court held that states could not interfere with a woman’s right to an abortion during the first trimester of pregnancy and could only fully prohibit abortions during the third trimester. Student activism became a dominant theme among the baby boomers, growing to include many other demographic groups. Most research was conducted at top collegiate institutes, such as Harvard University. During the 1976 presidential campaign, Carter had touted the “misery index,” the simple addition of the unemployment rate to the inflation rate, as an indictment of Gerald Ford and Republican rule. Miller v. California (1973), a case over the unsolicited mailing of sexually explicit advertisements for illustrated “adult” books, held that the First Amendment did not protect “obscene” material, defined by the Court as anything with sexual appeal that lacked, “serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value.”45 The ruling expanded states’ abilities to pass laws prohibiting materials like hard-core pornography. In January, communist forces attacked more than one hundred American and South Vietnamese sites throughout South Vietnam, including the American embassy in Saigon. [73] In August 1966, Rudé právo informed that máničky in Prague were banned from visiting restaurants of the I. and II. Carter’s efforts to ease the Cold War by achieving a new nuclear arms control agreement disintegrated under domestic opposition from conservative Cold War hawks such as Ronald Reagan, who accused Carter of weakness. The crisis extended into the late 1970s. [126] In the early 1970s, there were large protests about a proposed nuclear power plant in Wyhl, Germany. Debord argued in 1967 that spectacular features like mass media and advertising have a central role in an advanced capitalist society, which is to show a fake reality in order to mask the real capitalist degradation of human life. p. 64. The party in question was the Democratic party of Franklin Roosevelt, Harry Truman, and JFK, which perished during the riots in Grant Park, Chicago, on the night of Aug. 28, 1968… 2. Playing next. Initially intended as a protest against the draft, it turned into a race riot. Urban decay confronted Americans of the 1960s and 1970s. Within a year, thirty states had done so. In 1967, devastating riots, particularly in Detroit, Michigan, and Newark, New Jersey, captivated national television audiences. Looking to incentivize peace talks, Nixon pursued a “madman strategy” of attacking communist supply lines across Laos and Cambodia, hoping to convince the North Vietnamese that he would do anything to stop the war.14 Conducted without public knowledge or congressional approval, the bombings failed to spur the peace process, and talks stalled before the American-imposed November 1969 deadline. Promoted by national security advisor and eventual secretary of state Henry Kissinger, détente sought to stabilize the international system by thawing relations with Cold War rivals and bilaterally freezing arms levels. Former one-term Georgia governor Jimmy Carter, a nuclear physicist and peanut farmer who represented the rising generation of younger, racially liberal “New South” Democrats, captured the Democratic nomination. Clashes spilled from the parks into city streets, and eventually the smell of tear gas penetrated the upper floors of the opulent hotels hosting Democratic delegates. New Documentary From Decades TV Highlights The 1968 DNC. The 1968 DNC came in the middle of a year of mass protests against the Vietnam War. Two landmark legal rulings in 1973 established the battle lines for the “sex wars” of the 1970s. [24][25][26] In the UK, the Profumo affair also involved establishment leaders being caught in deception, leading to disillusionment and serving as a catalyst for liberal activism. But the evidence of a stalemate mounted. Holmes and the White City, 1968 DNC Riots … The 1960s counterculture embraced a back-to-the-land ethic, and communes of the era often relocated to the country from cities. And so, by 1980, many Americans—especially white middle- and upper-class Americans—felt a nostalgic desire for simpler times and simpler answers to the frustratingly complex geopolitical, social, and economic problems crippling the nation. p56. While Mexican rock groups were eventually able to perform publicly by the mid-1980s, the ban prohibiting tours of Mexico by foreign acts lasted until 1989. 5. Sterling, Christopher & Keith, Michael (2008). [155], Detroit's MC5 also came out of the underground rock music scene of the late 1960s. [139] This was followed by The Trip in 1967 and Psych-Out in 1968. The writer was the lead guitarist of MC5, which played for the protesters in Lincoln Park. Library of Congress. By the late 1960s, polls indicated less than 20% still held that belief.[49]. They saw the economic health of their allies, particularly West Germany and Japan, as a crucial bulwark against the expansion of communism. Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. (May 27, 1911 – January 13, 1978) was an American politician who served as the 38th vice president of the United States from 1965 to 1969. In 1970, author Gloria Steinem argued that such opposition was rooted in outmoded ideas about gender. But Carter failed to slow the unraveling of the American economy, and the stubborn and confounding rise of both unemployment and inflation damaged his presidency. These business-friendly politicians successfully synthesized conservative Protestantism and free market ideology, creating a potent new political force. In 1957, 69% of US residents polled by Gallup said religion was increasing in influence. Direct diplomacy and cultural exchange programs with both countries grew and culminated with the formal normalization of U.S.-Chinese relations and the signing of two U.S.-Soviet arms agreements: the antiballistic missile (ABM) treaty and the Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty (SALT I). [42][43] In the US, nearly real-time TV news coverage of the civil rights movement era's 1963 Birmingham Campaign, the "Bloody Sunday" event of the 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches, and graphic news footage from Vietnam brought horrifying, moving images of the bloody reality of armed conflict into living rooms for the first time.[44]. Growing international competition, technological inefficiency, and declining productivity gains stunted working- and middle-class wages. Protests had also erupted … His lifeless body was stomped into the ground. The counterculture was not only affected by cinema, but was also instrumental in the provision of era-relevant content and talent for the film industry. Hidden City S01 - Ep01 Chicago John Dillinger, H.H. Jimmy Carter, “Tehran, Iran Toasts of the President and the Shah at a State Dinner,” December 31, 1977. Pressure mounted on politicians. Fights broke out. 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