[2] It has occurred as a vagrant in Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Denmark, Ecuador, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Serbia and the United Kingdom. It measures 11.5–15 cm (4.5–5.9 in) long, with a wingspan of 18–23 cm (7.1–9.1 in). Indigo Buntings fly about 1,200 miles each way between breeding grounds in eastern North America and wintering areas from southern Florida to northern South America. Nesting sites are located in dense shrub or a low tree, generally 0.3–1 m (0.98–3.28 ft) above the ground, but rarely up to 9 m (30 ft). Distribution maps should be very cautiously looked at. TEXT_3. [4] The indigo bunting is closely related to the lazuli bunting and interbreeds with the species where their ranges overlap. [1] The criteria for a change in conservation status are a decline of more than 30% in ten years or over three generations.[1]. The range of the Indigo Bunting is approximately 6 million square kilometers. "Migratory Orientation in the Indigo Bunting, 10.1642/0004-8038(2001)118[0610:ACBPOP]2.0.CO;2, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Indigo_bunting&oldid=999078181, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 11:06. It is constructed by the female, who cares for the eggs alone. The beak is short and conical. Length: 5 inches. The Indigo Bunting is a small seed-eating migratory bird. The range of the Indigo Bunting is approximately 6 million square kilometers. The whiskers extend 1.5 times the interquartile range (75th-25th). [9], The indigo bunting is a smallish songbird, around the size of a small sparrow. It winters in the coastal regions of Mexico, Central America, Northern South America and Caribbean. Occasionally visits feeders. [8] However, according to sequencing of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene of members of the genus Passerina, it was determined that the indigo bunting and lazuli bunting are not, in fact, sister taxa. The winter range begins in southern Florida and central Mexico and stretches south through the West Indies and Central America to northern South America. Female is plain brown with buff-colored streaks and a hint of blue in the wings. 2017). [5] It was originally described as Tanagra cyanea by Linnaeus in his 18th-century work, Systema Naturae. Species geographical distribution by countries. The Indigo Bunting is a beautiful bird common throughout most of the U.S., from Maine to the southeastern tip of California, although they spend the winter in Central America. First-spring males are blotched with blue and brown. [4] The breeding range stretches from southern Canada to Maine, south to northern Florida and eastern Texas, and westward to southern Nevada. [17] The clutch consists of one to four eggs, but usually contains three to four. Winters in Central America. Foreign names . [12] The immature bird resembles the female in coloring, although a male may have hints of blue on the tail and shoulders and have darker streaks on the underside. Indigo Bunting Range map eBird Status and Trends. Indigo Bunting was founded in 2014, specializes in the development and publishing of mobile games. They will not visit gardens on a regular basis, but sometimes you might see one in large gardens. The current genus name, Passerina, is derived from the Latin term passer for true sparrows and similar small birds,[6] while the species name, cyanea, is Latin for cyan, the color of the male’s breeding plumage. TEXT_2. [2], These birds are generally monogamous but not always faithful to their partner. It displays sexual dimorphism in its coloration; the male is vibrant blue in the summer, with brightly colored plumage during the breeding season to attract a mate. Indigo Bunting By Alex Forsythe Seen from a distance or in poor light, this month’s Bird of the Month just seems like a small, dark bird. Source. Only the head is indigo. The bunting chicks hatch, but have lower survival rates as they must compete with the cowbird chick for food. The adult female is brown on the upperparts and lighter brown on the underparts. In the western part of their range, they often hybridize with the lazuli bunting. A male Indigo Bunting in breeding plumage is a glorious symphony of shimmering blues, turquoises, and purples. Listen for loud song, paired or tripled notes, delivered from the top of the tallest tree in the area. The Indigo Bunting’s population trend is well monitored by the BBS, which covers the species’ entire breeding range. The female constructs the nest and incubates the eggs on her own. Data points … Females and immatures are a warm cocoa-brown overall. The indigo bunting is a common migrant and summer resident statewide and a rare winter resident in the southern one‐third of Illinois. [11] During the breeding season, the adult male appears mostly a vibrant cerulean blue. During the breeding season, the adult male appears mostly a vibrant cerulean blue. Description identification ♂ adult plum. [11][2] Body mass averages 14.5 g (0.51 oz), with a reported range of 11.2–21.4 g (0.40–0.75 oz). The population of this bird species is about 28 million individual birds. But these beautiful colors are illusory: Like the iridescence of hummingbirds and the blue plumage of other species such as Eastern Bluebird, the male Indigo Bunting owes its glorious appearance to an optical trick — the diffraction of light through its feathers. The eggs are white and usually unmarked, though some may be marked with brownish spots, averaging 18.7 mm × 13.7 mm (0.74 in × 0.54 in) in size. ALL SPECIES MAPS ON THIS PAGE ARE THE PROPERTY OF SOUTH DAKOTA BIRDS AND BIRDING, and may not be used, copied, or distributed on any other website, blog, or other distribution media without written approval by the site owner. It is brown during the winter months, while the female is brown year-round. They do not provide with precise location … The indigo bunting is a close relative of the lazuli bunting and interbreeds with the species where their ranges overlap, in the Great Plains. [14], The species is classified as being of least concern according to the IUCN, with an estimated range of 5,900,000 km2 (2,300,000 sq mi) and a population of 28 million individuals. Females are plain buffy brown with faint wingbars and slightly brighter breast. The Indigo Bunting is a smallish songbird, around the size of a small sparrow. 1.7K likes. The male indigo bunting is commonly seen as a breeding species and at migration hot spots. They're named for their deep sea-blue color that looks like indigo dye. Indigo Bunting summer distribution map. Indigo Buntings are completely migratory traveling over 1,000 miles each way between their summer range in eastern North America and their winter range in very southern Florida, Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. The plain brown females are seen far less often, and they have good reason to be inconspicuous: they do almost all the work of caring for the eggs and young, hidden away in dense thickets.